Infectious diseases are disorders caused by organisms — such as bacteria, viruses, fungi or parasites. Many organisms live in and on our bodies. They're normally harmless or even helpful, but under certain conditions, some organisms may cause disease.
Some infectious diseases can be passed from person to person. Some are transmitted by bites from insects or animals. And others are acquired by ingesting contaminated food or water or being exposed to organisms in the environment. Signs and symptoms vary depending on the organism causing the infection, but often include fever and fatigue. Mild infections may respond to rest and home remedies, while some life-threatening infections may require hospitalization. Many infectious diseases, such as measles and chickenpox, can be prevented by vaccines. Frequent and thorough hand-washing also helps protect you from most infectious diseases.
Antibiotics are medicines used to treat infections or diseases caused by bacteria .Antibiotics are used for a range of infections caused by bacteria, including urinary tract infections, skin infections and infected wounds. Antibiotics which affect a wide range of bacteria are called broad spectrum antibiotics (e.g. amoxicillin and gentamicin) and antibiotics that affect only a few types of bacteria are called narrow spectrum antibiotics (e.g. penicillin). Antibiotics mode of action is by blocking vital processes in bacteria, killing the bacteria, or stopping them from multiplying. This helps the body's natural immune system to fight the bacterial infection.
This conference lays a platform for all the researchers working in the field of Infectious Diseases and Antibiotics to know the latest developments and the current situation of the Antibiotic resistance problem.